Government Recommendations for Water Management
- A judicious and cautious approach for developing groundwater resources should be adopted together with creating awareness about the cautious use of this limited resource among the farmers in general and other groundwater users.
- Artificial recharge should be taken up on large scale through appropriate techniques on a regional scale with active community participation. Institutional finance and appropriate technology should be freely made available to any individual or a cooperative group of farmers that undertake resource augmentation and management measures.
- Artificial recharge practices should be encouraged by diverting surplus run-off during monsoon into ponds, percolation tanks, Spreading basins, abandoned dug wells etc.
- Augmentation of ground water resource with artificial recharge and roof top rain water harvesting and Construction of water conservation structures like check dams and check walls etc., which partially serve to meet the water requirement for domestic and irrigation use should be constructed at suitable locations for storage of water.
- Farmers may be encouraged to cultivate less water intensive crops. Apart from this organic farming and marketing of organic food products may also be promoted.
- Irrigation facilities should be enhanced to provide secure livelihoods to the community and to overcome the impacts of uncertainties of monsoon. As a remedial measure to arrest migration, communities have suggested the creation of irrigation facilities. Due to limiting topographical and geological factors in the Dang, it is difficult to develop privately owned irrigation facilities on a large scale. Considering this fact, the creation of new infrastructure has to focus on development of community based irrigation facilities.
- Though there is no trace of nitrate pollution in groundwater, In order to have check on the concentration of nitrate in ground water in future, use of bio pesticides, organic farming, bio fertilizers etc should be encouraged.
- Schemes involving effective management of existing surface water reservoirs and extensive recharge of groundwater through different methods should be exercised.
- The landholding of the group of farmers under public tube well irrigation should be brought under the provision of the change in crops, irrigation practices, and installation of drip/sprinkler irrigation technique.